Where someone is treated less favourably than another person because of a protected characteristic.
Under DIRECT DISCRIMINATION -
This is direct discrimination against someone because they are associated with another person who possesses a protected characteristic.
Discrimination by Perception:
This is direct discrimination against someone because others think that they possess a particular characteristic. They do not necessarily have to possess the chraracteristic, just be perceived / thought to.
This can occur when you have a rule or policy that applies to everyone but disadvantages a person with a particular protected characteristic.
This is behaviour that is deemed offensive by the recipient. In employment, employees are able to complain about behaviour they find offensive even if it is not directed at them.
This occurs when someone is treated badly because they have made or supported a complaint or grievance under the Equality Act 2010.
DISCRIMINATION ARISING FROM DISABILITY:
The Act prohibits employers from discriminating against disabled employees because of something arising in consequence of that disability.
An employee must simply establish that unfavourable treatment is because of something connected with their disability.